Survival Skills: Long Term Food Storage of Grains
Learning how to properly store grains long term is key to extending their shelf lives. No matter your reason for building up your food storage, you still need to know the basics. Failing to properly prepare long term food storage in a survival setting,can mean you will face starvation!
Grains are one of the cheaper options for long term food storage. Grains are usually easily purchased in bulk, often coming in a food-grade bucket. Not all grains are suited for long term food storage.
A large bag of rice can easily be purchased for around $10 or less. It will not be a hard hit to your monthly budget, but it can provide much-needed food for long term use. Even if you are not preparing for survival, storing for an emergency is beneficial. If you are hit by a natural disaster, having an emergency food supply can mean the difference between having dinner, and not eating at all.
In a survival setting, natural disaster or even just a hardship due to job loss, you will be thankful for that emergency food supply. But it's important to learn how to properly store grains and other food items, not just purchase them and shove them in a cabinet. Ideally you should make an effort to extend the average shelf life of any emergency food item in your supply.
It is always a good idea to mark the date of storage on each food item when adding to your food storage. This way you can easily rotate your food stores and use the oldest items first.
Do you know what grains are suitable for long term storage?
It goes without saying that there are many different types of grains that you can add to your emergency food supply. First let's talk about the soft grains you can add to your emergency food supply:
- Hulled Oats
- Pearled Oats
- Rolled Oats
If properly stored a soft grain will have a shelf life of 8 years. When storing with long-term emergency food supply in mind it is possible to extend that shelf life up to 20 years.
Soft grains are great, but hard grains are a better option for your emergency food supply. When stored correctly they will produce a much longer shelf life than soft grains. A diverse group of hard grains will produce long term foods worthy of culinary greatness. The best grains for long term storage are:
- Durum Wheat
- Hard Red Wheat
- Hard White Wheat
- Soft Wheat
- Special Bake Wheat
So long as you store hard grains properly they will have a basic shelf life of 10-12 years. When using proper techniques for building long term emergency food supply you can store these grains up to 30 years or longer. That is a phenomenal shelf life, worthy of being added to your emergency food supply.
Grains to Avoid Storing
Now that you know some of the best grains for long-term food storage, you should know not all grains are suitable for the long term. It is best to focus on the grains whose shelf life you can greatly prolong.
These are the grains you should avoid storing long term:
- Brown Rice
- Pot Barley
- Pearl Barley
Brown rice should never be considered an option for your emergency food supply, it is not a good choice for long term food storage. Much like nuts the oils in brown rice break down quickly and cause the rice to go rancid within as little as 4 to 6 months. Even if you prefer eating brown rice, it is not a candidate for long term storage and should be avoided. Your time and effort will be wasted if you choose to attempt to store it like you would other grains.
Pot barley and Pearl barley should also be avoided when building an emergency food supply. These forms of barley are processed and the hull is removed. The outer hull is what protects the barley and keeps it from breaking down during long term storage. Just like brown rice, these processed forms of barley will have a short shelf life.
Choosing these three types of grains for long-term emergency food supplies should be avoided. You would be wasting your time, money and labor in storing them.
Proper Food Storage Techniques
Now that you are armed with a list of grains suitable for long term food storage, you need to know how to properly add them to your emergency food supply. As mentioned, simply buying a sack of grain and tossing it in the pantry is not proper food storage. Here are the items you need to ensure the proper storage of grains for long term use:
- Food-grade buckets
- Vacuum sealer or heat sealer
- 5-Gallon food storage bags
- Oxygen absorbers
I prefer buckets over other food storage containers, they work wonderfully and if need be many restaurants will give them away for free. Many of the grains mentioned can be purchased in bulk, and already come in a food grade bucket. Choosing to purchase in bulk buckets reduces the need to spend additional money on purchasing buckets or containers.
Just tossing your long-term food storage in any corner of your home is not recommended. Finding an area of your home or property with the optimal conditions and temperatures is key to extending the average shelf life of the food you will be storing. You want an area that never goes above 70°F (21.1°C). Better still is if you have a cellar or similar area that stays in the 62°F - 68°F range. As a general rule, heat is never good for your emergency food supplies. So putting food storage containers in areas of your home that you heat during winter should be avoided altogether.
In a pinch a hair straightener can be used in place of a heat sealer, so long as it has a high-temperature function. Personally I opted to get a heat sealer, which was a worthwile investment for food storage, and which also avoided any chance of ruining my hair straightener.
The key to properly storing any emergency food supplies is a double barrier system. The grains should be not just inside the bucket or food container, they should be inside a bag first, preferably mylar. This way if pests make their way into the bucket, there is still a barrier protecting the food. Using a handheld heat sealer is my favorite option when dealing with bulk grains, it is fast and effective. Even using the large vacuum sealer bags, it can be a bit awkward to use a stationary vacuum sealer for 10 gallon bags you are trying to seal.
For proper storage of your emergency food supply items, follow this order and never miss a step. This is the best way to ensure that your grains will last and possibly outlast their shelf lives.
- Portion grain into bags.
- Add an oxygen absorber to each bag.
- Push out all excess air.
- Use heat/vacuum sealer to seal bag.
- Add the bag to food grade bucket and seal.
Optionally you can add an additional oxygen absorber after sealing the bag and placing in the bucket. Oxygen absorbers are relatively inexpensive so I go ahead and toss an extra in just for an additional precaution. Limiting the air that is around your food helps to extend the shelf life, and keep it from breaking down.
Choosing Storage Containers
It is not wise to just use any old bucket for long term food storage. Food grade buckets are designed to store food in order to prevent pest infestations, and ensure the freshness of foods for long term sustainability.
Mylar bags are the best option for storing the food inside the buckets to extend the shelf life. Mylar bags are my favorite option as they keep light out. Keeping light away from the food greatly extends its shelf life. Light can break down the quality and eventually lead to premature spoiling of your stored grains.
Mylar is a Must
Long Term Food Storage Techniques
Do you feel confident that you can now extend the shelf life of grains in your long term food storage?
This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.
© 2016 Cynthia Hoover