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Surfing Slang: An A-Z of Surf Terms

'Sponger' goes 'over the falls'!

'Sponger' goes 'over the falls'!

The History of Surf Talk

Surf speak has been around almost as long as surfing has existed in the English speaking World. It can be traced back as far as the 1920s but it was in the 1950s, with the explosion of surfing in the USA that the language of surf really came into itw own.

With mainstream bands such as the Beach Boys and films such as Gidget (1959) there was no stopping certain words and phrases creeping into the Eglish language at large!

As an example of surf slang we can describe the action in the photo above. What you see here is: 'some dude on a sponge has wiped-out and is going over the falls on a hollow little right.'

If that makes any sense to you - great! If not read on!

A to Z of Surfing


A surfing manouvre where the surfer becomes airborne. Advanced stuff and requires excellent timing and speed


See air above


This is where a wave forms in a peak and breaks both ways. The name comes from the fact it is A shaped before it breaks


This is where the surfer takes off on a wave on the far side of the peak. He then proceeds to surf through the barrel.
Backdoor is also the name of the right-hander that breaks off the famous Banzai Pipeline in Hawaii


To surf a wave in the direction that means your back is towards the wave. Usually considered more difficult than forehand but easier for some manouvres

Back off

This is where the wave goes from being steep and surfable to being flat and lacking power. It usually accurs when the wave breaks and then hits deeper water

Bail out

To jump or dive off your board when the going gets sketchy - this is usually on the paddle out when confronted with a wave too big to get under


These is how the sand forms on the sea bed and are what determine the shape of the wave above. Without good banks the surf is at best pretty!


One of a variety of names for one of surfing's ultimate goals. Can be used as a noun or a verb, both refer to the hollow part of the wave formed when the top travels faster than the bottom.
The trick is to get into the barrel and is thus be barrelled!

Beach Break

The clues in the name! A wave that breaks at a beach (some don't)


A particularly large wave


Australian term for a large wave that breaks a long way out to sea on an offshore reef or sandbank. AKA Bommie


A surfboard with no less than 5 fins! Invented by the Californian Cambell brothers in the 70s occasionally makes an appearance in modern designs


When a surfer performs a long, smooth, often powerful longer turn


You want clean waves! This doesn't mean there is no poo in the water but that the waves are smooth and breaking well due to offshore winds. The opposite is messy when the wind blows onshore making them ragged

Close out

Waves are supposed to break across - either left or right. A closeout is where the whole wave breaks at once. A very short ride!


The concave surface of the bottom of a modern surfboard. It helps increase speed


Very good surf conditions


As above


An S shaped manouvre where the surfer changes direction on the wave to head back to where the power is. This is followed by another change in direction back down the line


This is what big waves do to you after you fall off!

Drop knee

A style of bodyboarding where the surfer rides on one foot and one knee somewhat like a rifleman would stand.

Drop in

This is an unspeakable act in the surfing World! It is where a surfer is already on a wave (and thus has priority) and another surfer takes off on the same wave. Depending on who does it and where this can sometimes result in violence!


Not strictly speaking only a surfing term, but for years this was the only place it was used. Strangely enough the word originally meant a tramp /scarecrow.

Elephant Gun

A surfboard designed for very big surf


The front of the wave where it hasn't broken - the blue/green part you can see


The protruberances on the bottom of most surfboards. Used to just be the one, now they usually come in 3s, sometimes 4s and occasionally 2s and 5s!Their purpose is to create latteral resistance or in other words stop you going sideways


A short wide surfboard designed for surfing small waves


Where the surfer rides over the top of the broken part of the wave as opposed to the face


To surf a wave in the direction so that you are looking towards it. Generally considered slightly easier than backhand.


Conditions where there is no wind and the water surface becomes so smooth it resembles glass. This is a good thing!


Scary, bad or dangerous

Goat boat

A fond term for a surf-ski

Goofy foot

If you stand with your right foot forward you are a goofy footer!

Green Room

70s term for a barrel / tube


Someone who can't surf very well


A young surfer


A surfboard for riding big waves. Long, thin and usually a pintail

Hang Five

Old school longboarding move where the surfer hangs the toes of one foot over the front of the board

Hang Ten

As above but... well you can probably work it out!


Powerful waves are described as heavy as this is how it feels if they break on your head!


Tubing / barrelling waves are hollow - duh!


Waves often get steeper and faster as they come in - this is the inside section


A more recent word for a barrel


A frankly odd form of surfing where the surfer refuses to stand up or lie down but kneels instead. Harmless but not natural!


Pronounced 'kuke' refers to someone who surfs badly and is generally a bit of an idiot


A manouvre where the surfer lies back into the wave. Popular in the 70's


The cord that attaches surfers to their boards. In the old days surfers spent a lot of time swimming!


Another name for a leash

Line up

This is where you sit when you're waiting for waves. It's usually just a bit further out than the waves break. It also refers to your postion up/down the beach and what landmark you use to postion yourself


What people often refer to as the crest. This is the part that plunges forward when the wave breaks


An alternative, slightly derogative name for a longboard


A long surfboard! Not to be confused with a gun, these are boards designed for small / medium waves with a rounded nose and are generally 8 ft long or more


A surfboard that turns easily - better for smaller waves


Derived from the American Mack truck, this means a big wave.


Usually refers to a longboard. Not to be confused with a Malibu surfboard, which is any stand-up board.


A term used to describe a bodyboard by those who are not fans


The opposite of clean of course! Referring to waves this is when the wind blows onshore and spoils the form of the wave giving it a ragged appearance. Not so good for surfing on


The ideal wind direction. This blows into the face of the wave, smoothing it and holding it up so it breaks later and with more power

Off the lip

A surfing manouvre where the surfer turns the board up to the top of the wave and pivots on the breaking part (the lip). The steeper the angle up the wave the better

Off the top

As above but instead of pivoting the surfer draws a longer turn across the top of the wave


This is the surfers least favourite wind direction. It makes the waves messy and less powerful


The oppposite of inside! The section of the wave that breaks further out to sea

Over the falls

This is a type of wipeout where the surfer falls from the top to the bottom of the wave as it breaks. Can be fun, especially if done head first!

Pearl (dive)

In this wipeout the nose of the surfers board sticks in the water bringing them to a grinding halt. Usually happens when going down a steep wave

Pin tail

This describes the rounded, or even pointed, tail of some surfboards. It is generally preferred for riding bigger and hollower waves as it makes the board more stable and the turns more drawn out

Pop out

A surfboard made from plastic injected with foam. Generally a beginners board

Quad fin

A 4 fin surfboard. Fins are arranged in 2 lots of twos, one just behind the other set. Supposed to give all the benefits of a thruster and a twin fin


The side of the surfboard and the part you are supposed to turn on. Can either be soft (rounded) or hard (angular)


Like an off-the-lip except the surfers returns down the wave on top of the breaking section

Regular foot

The opposite of a goofy foot - i.e. one who stands left front forward. Slightly more common

Reverse V

A keel like part on the bottom of a surfboard towards the nose. The opposite of the concave

Rhino Chaser

A surfboard designed for very big waves. Usually around 8-10ft in length. See gun

Rip (current or tide)

A strong and sometimes dangerous current formed as water flows back out to sea. If you ever get caught in one of these paddle across it, not against it.


Short for re-entry


Waves like to travel in groups. The exact science isn't understood but they tend to arrive in anything from 2 to what seems like infinity if you are paddling out!

Sex Wax

The best known variety of surfboard wax. Made by Mr Zog


Another word for getting tubed/barrelled


Waves that break very close to the shoreline of the beach. Often powerful and hollow but proximity to the sand can result in injury and broken boards


Rather good


Another word for fin


A heavy reef break where the wave comes out of deep water onto a shallow reef. Always hollow, always powerful, often suicidal!


Weak, poor quality surf


A fast, sharp turn


A somewhat derogatory term for a bodyboard


The water thrown up when a surfer does a big turn. This is the mark of a good, powerful surfer

Square tail

A surfboard with a tail that is squared off rather than being rounded.Perhaps the most common shape and ideal for pivotal turning in small to medium waves


Name for a surfboard


To be pleased


Wooden strip running down the centre of asurfboard. Provides strength and a centre line for the shaper. Some boards have double or even triple stringers


This is the third main tail type. As the name suggest it is shaped like a swallows tail or like a W. The theory is it combines the features of a pin and square tail. Swallow tails come in and out of fashion

Switch foot

Someone who can surf both ways around, i.e. goofy and natural


Name given to a board with 3 fins. Invented by Simon Anderson in the 80s it is still the most common design


A surfboard that is hard to turn. This is an advantage in bigger waves as it is less likely to wobble or do something unpredictable

Tow in

Relatively recent practice of using a jet-ski to tow a surfer into a big wave. These waves usuallymove too fast for a surfer to paddle into


Another name for a barrel or the hollow part of the wave

Twin fin

A board with 2 fins! Introduced in the late 70s this creates a very 'loose' board


Applied to the top of a surfboard to give it some grip

WAM chart

Or wave animation chart. This is an anumated computer graphic showing the size of swell for the next few days. The data is usually obtained from the NOAA and is great for surf forecasts

Zog's (Mr)

Maker of the world famous Sexwax! 'For when your stick gets too slick'!

So now armed with your list of surfing terms and slang you should be able to hold your own at any beach, anywhere, right?

Unfortunately, you might have to learn to surf too!


john wick the boomer 12 on December 10, 2019:

hi guys, my name is john wick

boomer on December 10, 2019:

ok boomer i like tv and scones

ian on April 03, 2015:

Getting pitted.

Beccaloveee on May 15, 2012:

That awkward moment when all of these words are part of your daily vocabulary... great job!

Kelly Kline Burnett from Madison, Wisconsin on November 29, 2011:

Surfing has a language all on its own. Very well done. Thank you for broadening our horizons. I wish the water sports were better known. You are helping others familiarize themselves with a sport that is unique and almost a sub-culture on to itself. Voted up and useful.

Jeff Davis from California on July 16, 2010:

On another note; I know that slang varies from region... some other popular ones around the US (west) include: barney/jimmy (kook). tunnel/pit (barrel) also as a verb tunneled/pitted ( to get barreled), a knee-dragger (a bodyboarder), a ripper (a good surfer). Anyways, just thought i'd share with you, at least for a laugh. Keep up the hubs...

Jeff Davis from California on July 15, 2010:

I just searched surf slang to see if anyone had already written a hub like this. Luckily, this is a pretty solid list. Nice job on the hub. Now all I need is a new hub idea.

TylerCapp from Los Angeles, California on June 30, 2010:

My dad and uncle are more traditional and they still use the term "skeg". You forgot to add "shooting the pier." Nice hub though, surfing slag is and always will be unique.

immab from Long Island, NY! on June 25, 2010:

hahaha awesome, thanks for the info.

Katrina Ariel from The Highlands of British Columbia, Canada on December 29, 2009:

Fun list - thanks for making me smile!

Chris Leather (author) from Cornwall UK on March 05, 2009:

Keith - don't know much about snowboarding but I might add forehand and backhand as we used to call it!

jd on March 04, 2009:

One addition/correction: Outside ! That's what you yell when there are better waves behind the peaks your bros are considering

numbskullkeith on March 04, 2009:

What about backside and frontside? Snowboarders did a hell of a job messing up the distinction between the two.

Chris Leather (author) from Cornwall UK on March 04, 2009:

Thanks Chuckster. I should know that - I used to have a board that had this written across it!

Chuckster on March 03, 2009:

That's a pretty mad list mate. Well in.

One thing is that its BombOra, not with a U. Just thought u might like to change it coz everything seems spot on.

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