Comparing Bullets: 5.56x45mm vs 6.8x43mm

Updated on October 5, 2019
Michael Shive profile image

Michael Shive writes articles about ammunition and personal defense.

A top tip. When out and about in a lightweight configuration, want a massive ammunition loadout and if you want near-perfect accuracy at ranges at 500 yards or more, I recommend the 5.56x45mm aka .223 Remington.

If, however, you are at ranges of 100-300 yards and want to knock down your enemy in one shot, I recommend the 6.8x43mm Remington SPC (Special Purpose Cartridge).

Ladies and gents, loyal readers of my blog, mates of class and friends of old, today on the blog is one of my favorite topics: Ammunition.

In the 1950's, the U.S. Army was looking to replace the still heavier .308 Winchester (7.62x51mm NATO) which replaced the ageing WWII cartridge, the .30-06 (7.62x63mm). Remington was called by ArmaLite and Springfield to develop a Small-Caliber/High-Velocity (SVHC) bullet from CONARC (Continental Army Command) requirements which ended up being a .222 Remington and a .224 Springfield. Springfield, though, was forced to drop out of the CONARC competition, leaving Remington to make and supply the ammunition. To prevent confusion between the .222 and .224, the bullet was finally renamed to .223 Remington. Which is now the mainstay and backbone bullet of U.S armed forces and armed forces around the world and NATO.

The .223 is now the most widely produced small caliber rifle bullet in the world and rightly so. Just about every country uses it and has been mass produced to the point that just about anyone can buy them over the counter. However, there have been problems since as far back as Vietnam about the bullet's stopping power. As I am an avid fan of modern military weaponry, I'm well versed in guns, their respective ammunition and the limitations that their respective ammunition brings. In Vietnam, for example, on more than one occasion, VC or NVA troopers were shot multiple times and were still miraculously standing and shooting back. On rare occasions, some of them were shot but turned around and looked - looked - at the man who shot them. And they obviously fired back with faces red with rage.

You see, the 5.56 is a great and highly accurate bullet, but the relatively small caliber and minute weight mean that, even if you could hit someone with pinpoint accuracy, there just isn't enough kinetic energy or terminal velocity to knock 'em down.

The 5.56 is so weak in structure that during the Vietnam war, the bullets would disintegrate if you shot them at or if they were in the way of grass. Grass! GRASS!

The size comparison

The 6.8mm (left) and the 5.56mm (right)
The 6.8mm (left) and the 5.56mm (right)

Now, we go to the 6.8 Remington SPC. First, this bullet is not 6.8mm in diameter. It's only named 6.8 to make it sound sophisticated. It's diameter is actually 7.0mm and the case is not 43mm long. It's actually 42.3mm long. Why it's 43mm long, I have no idea.

This bullet was designed to be a possible replacement for the 5.56mm. It's parent case is the .30 Remington cartridge (7.8x52mm) and is sandwiched in between the 5.56mm NATO and the 7.62mm NATO rounds; bridging the gap, as it were. It was developed by Remington Arms in conjunction with U.S. SOCOM (Special Operations Command) for a Short Barreled Rifle (SBR). And was designed to address the deficiencies of the terminal performance of the 5.56x45mm NATO cartridge currently in service with the U.S. Armed Forces. It was to offer superior downrange lethality over the 5.56 NATO/.223 Remington in an AR pattern service rifle with minimal loss of magazine capacity and a negligible increase in recoil.

However, the 6.8 is better suited for short barreled rifles or CQB rifles than long rifle configuration. The heavier bullet and smaller powder case prevent long range use of the bullet. Moreover, it performs better at close ranges than the 5.56.

The 6.8 SPC round has the same energy at 250 yards as the 5.56mm has at the muzzle. At 600 yards, it has the same energy as a 7.62x39mmR M43 has at 275 yards, M193 at 250 yards and M855 at 375 yards. The 5.56mm may also be called the M193 and M855, with different bullet weights.

In layman's terms, the 6.8mm has 50% more kinetic energy at 100-300 yards while the 5.56mm has that same energy at point-blank ranges only. (point-blank means ranges within 3-5 yards). At ranges of 500-600 yards, it has 35% more than the 5.56mm.

Which bullet would you choose? Choose carefully.

See results

The bullets and the cases

It speaks for itself
It speaks for itself

Since the 6.8mm is of a larger caliber and contains greater sectional density than the 5.56mm, it will use this energy more effectively when producing terminal damage. Performance can be increased slightly by using 110-grain ammunition, giving you more velocity and less bullet drop over range. The slightly-lower velocity of the 115-grain ammunition combined with more kinetic energy makes this round less susceptible to deflection from soft cover such as foliage, shooting through glass (in the case of vehicle interdictions or bullet-proof vehicles) and body armor.

And if you're wondering if upper receivers chambered for 6.8 will fit in 5.56 lower receivers, yes, 6.8mm upper receivers will fit AR lowers, but you will need to change the bolt, bolt assembly, barrel and gas tube and don't forget to use specific 6.8mm mags. And for God's sake watch out for thermal expansion. If you fire 6.8mm SPC ammunition from 5.56mm magazines, the heat that's generated may expand the mags causing stoppages which are life-threatening. The tolerances inside the mag are quite tight because the 6.8mm cartridge is bigger in diameter. Although the caliber is larger, the difference in recoil is theoretically hardly evident and is quite controllable when engaged in rapid fire due to the smaller powder case.

Ok, Ok, Ok, the 6.8 will significantly increase your chances of neutralization or incapacitation with a first round strike. It goes without saying that different types of projectiles will produce different results, and that shot placement is still the key no matter what type of round is used. However, it can’t always be achieved, so the introduction of a large caliber that fills the gap between 5.56mm and 7.62mm is vital for the safety of any soldier and is necessary in the fight against terrorism or for personal self-defense and PDW's or Personal Defense Weapons.

For your Sunday night delictation

The 5.56mm can travel up to 3,250 feet per second. That's 990 meters per second. Or about one kilometer per second! Try running that fast and see if your face is still there, why don't ya?

The 6.8mm is 91 meters per second slower (about 300 feet per second slower).

The difference is discreet and the 6.8mm has more stopping power.

muzzle energy
3,250 fps
1,325 ft-lbs
2,950 fps
1,759 ft-lbs.
The speed and energy are quite fascinating.

And yet again

7.62x51mm (left), 6.8x43mm (center) and 5.56x45mm (right)
7.62x51mm (left), 6.8x43mm (center) and 5.56x45mm (right)

So, between the two bullets, personally, I'd take the 6.8mm any day. It's got more kinetic energy when hitting the target compared to the 5.56mm. It has more penetrating power versus body armor and reinforced glass. And it has the ability to actually kill in one shot. Although, it's 91 meters per second slower, but come on! Are you going to be more focused on how fast your bullet travels to your target than actually killing your target?

The 5.56mm, on the other hand, is overrated. Sure, in the movies like Black Hawk Down and We Were Solders and Act of Valor and Lone Survivor or whatever, it kills in one magnificent shot. But the truth is, soldiers on the front lines have had problems with it since day one and still do even after 60 years. Although, cheap and almost non-lethal, it still is venerable. It's more accurate than the 6.8mm for sure. And it's lighter meaning more ammo to carry.

But I've gone on about the advantages of both bullets and their disadvantages. To tell you the truth, if I really wanted to guarantee a one-shot one-kill ratio. I wouldn't take either. I'd take the 7.62x51mm.

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

Questions & Answers


      0 of 8192 characters used
      Post Comment
      • profile image

        claudio cadalco 

        4 years ago

        yeah... i agree with you, prefer to carry only 150 rounds of 7.62x51mm than 200 rounds of 5.56x45mm


      This website uses cookies

      As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

      For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

      Show Details
      HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
      LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
      Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
      AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
      HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
      HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
      Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
      CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
      Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
      Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
      Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
      Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
      Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
      Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
      VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
      PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
      Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
      MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
      Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
      Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
      Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
      Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
      ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
      Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
      ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)