Let's Go Crabbing: How to Catch Mud Crabs

How to Catch Mud Crabs (Scylla Serrata)

So you’ve developed a hunger for these tasty little crustaceans called crabs and want to get out and catch your own. (I guess they aren’t particularly little when you are trying to get them out of the crab traps!) The following article details the best methods that I have found for catching mud crabs, or if you will, “How to catch crabs”. You might go grabbing using different methods, and I am not an expert, but these techniques have helped me to get the best results.

Crab fishing can be a family-oriented sport or activity. After the first time you go crabbing with your children you’ll never stop hearing them on the weekends crying out to you, “Let’s go crabbing!”

Markings on the underside of a female crab
Markings on the underside of a female crab
Markings on the underside of a male crab
Markings on the underside of a male crab

Local Crabbing Laws and Regulations

Before you can begin your crabbing adventure you must check your local laws and regulations on catching crabs. This is important as each district, state or country has their own set of laws and guidelines on catching crabs.

These rules usually govern what type and sex of crab you are allowed to catch, how many you are allowed to keep, how big the crab has to be before you can keep it, how many traps you are allowed to use, and what identification your traps must have.

It is important to follow these rules no matter how tedious or ridicules they seem. They are there to protect the species to ensure there will be sustainable quantities in the ecosystem. The rules are also in place to ensure that there will be plenty of crabs in the future for people to catch.

Australian laws (in the state of Queensland) for catching crabs permit you only to keep male mud crabs which are greater than 15cm (6 inches) across the back. You are only allowed to have four traps (locally known as crab pots) per person on board your vessel, and these pots have to have your name, address, and phone number clearly labeled on the crap pot and also its float.


Female crabs are called Jennys.

Male crabs are called Bucks.

When to Catch a Mud Crab

To catch a crab, you have to think like a crab. I don’t mean you have to get down on your haunches and scurry around on the floor sideways. What I mean is you have to think like a hungry crab that is always wary of predators and you also have to know about their movements.

Crabs move about more during the safety of night than in the day, so it’s best to leave your crab traps out overnight if possible.

Female crabs feed heavily during the summer months after they have mated to ensure they have enough energy to hatch their offspring. Therefore, you will catch more female crabs during this time.

With the onset of winter, female crabs leave the river systems and estuaries to hatch their offspring. Therefore, during this time you will catch more male crabs.

What Crabbing Equipment You Need

If you want to catch a crab you’ll need to use or borrow a boat. You can throw crab traps or crab pots in from the bank, but you will be limiting yourself to the places you can put your traps.

Also, these places that are easily accessible from the creek bank are where everyone will be crabbing from, so your catch will be little or none. In Australia, crabbing from the bank can also prove to be fatal. This is because crocodiles can follow your movements on the bank, remember where that human activity occurs the most, and attack when you least expect it.

You will need some good crab traps. There are a lot of varieties, shapes and sizes on the market. For example, they are available in round, square, pyramid, collapsible and net types. Queenslanders (in Australia) used to use traps called Dillys which have since been banned. These were like a basket that sat flat on the sea floor, allowing crabs to make their way to the centre to get to the bait. When you lifted up the rope that attached the float to the trap, the basket would scoop the crabs up.

I use the small, round, and collapsible type as shown in the photo below. I use these because they are cheap to replace if they get lost or stolen and they don’t take up much room in my boat when I am setting up or retrieving the pots. These crab traps or pots are available from most good fishing stores. BCF in Australia usually has huge quantities in stock.

Crab pots. Top is shown collapsed and the bottom is shown open.
Crab pots. Top is shown collapsed and the bottom is shown open.
Crabs enter from all sides through one of the 4 openings
Crabs enter from all sides through one of the 4 openings

What Kind of Bait Works Best for Mud Crabs?

Being successful when fishing for crabs has a lot to do with the bait you use. The most successful bait that I have found is whole fish frames. These frames are from fish that I have caught and filleted. I freeze the frames for when I intend to go crabbing. These fish frames include the tail, backbone and head of the fish and are approximately 30cm (12 inches) long as a minimum.

If you don’t have your own fish frames, the next best thing I can think of is mullet heads from a fishing bait store. I would use bones from a butcher's store as a last resort.

I know crabs are like little scavengers eating from the sea floor but I’d be more inclined to try to catch them on the foods that they are used to. I have been more successful this way.

I have heard of crabbers using baits like pierced cat food tins, road kill, chickens, pigs heads and even whole kangaroos. If I were a crab I’d know which food I’d go for, but ultimately this choice is up to the individual.

Best Moon or Tide Phase for Crabbing

From my experience, moon phases and tides have little to do with the success of catching crabs. For me it has more to do with baits and seasons.

Typically we are told to go crabbing on a half moon phase. This is when there is little run in the tide. I’d say this would be the best time to go crabbing as the crabs will move around further to find food. They won’t be affected as much by the currents caused by the run in the tide (change in tide height).

I would still go crabbing on a full moon or new moon, possibly tending more to the new moon. This is because on a new moon the night is darker and as a crab, I’ll be more protected being out of the moonlight. The only reason I’d skip crab fishing on full or new moon phases is if the weather or wind is great for getting out to catch some fish on the reef.

I also talk about moon phases and tides in the following paragraph.

Where Do I Catch Crabs?

In the tropics you will catch mud crabs in the estuary, in the creeks, or on the mud flats. You might have more luck on the mud flats than in the creeks as most crabbers target creek locations. On the mud flats, you will also catch the smaller blue swimmer crab (note that these crabs have different size and possession limits).

You will be able to crab during full or new moon phases on the mud flats as the large change in tide height will have less effect than it does in the creeks. As you could imagine a creek is like a gutter of the mangrove estuary system. During a full or new moon phase, these narrow and deep creeks and gutters have quite strong currents. The crabs won’t enjoy coming out in these strong currents and you may even lose your crab trap as they will get carried away and out to sea.

Mangroves in the Estuary
Mangroves in the Estuary
We counted nine crabs in this trap, but all had to go back as they were female or undersize male crabs
We counted nine crabs in this trap, but all had to go back as they were female or undersize male crabs

How to Eat Crab

If you've found this article useful and have caught your share of either mud crab, blue swimmers or the crabs from your local area then maybe you'd like to learn how to eat crab?

In another article, I talk about how I cook and eat crab.

Live male crab in our kitchen sink!
Live male crab in our kitchen sink!
Crab claw in detail
Crab claw in detail

The Ugly Side of Crabbing: Robbery

The ugly side of crabbing is when other crabbers or fishers check your crab pots, or worse, steal them. Regular crabbers call this activity "share farming." Although this is illegal, there is little you can do to prevent it from happening. I have had pots raided and stolen on a couple of occasions. When this happens, you immediately feel like going out and doing the same to other pots in your surroundings. You can't do this and you shouldn't do this. You shouldn't lower yourself to the raider or thief's level.

To try to prevent crab pot theft try these pointers:

  • Crab in areas which are hard to access or are in remote areas.
  • Put your crab pots out at sunset and collect them at sunrise.
  • Don't go crabbing on school holidays or other public holidays.
  • Camouflage your crab pot floats.

  • If you see another boat in the area, "guard" your pots until they leave.

There are usually only a few "rotten eggs" who spoil this fun pastime for others. If you know of anyone who has stolen crabs or crab pots, you should know that it is an illegal offence and you should report them. Contact CrimeStoppers (in Australia)

You may have overheard your friends bragging about the extra crab pots that they "found" or may have seen your friends return home from crabbing with extra crab pots.

Please do the right thing and report it to your local authorities.

Crab pots have become relatively cheap and you would think that crab pot stealing would go down, however as the population grows I doubt this activity will lessen.

It's up to all of us to ensure crabbing remains a fun activity for everyone.

Comments 28 comments

LeonJane profile image

LeonJane 7 months ago from Australia Author

Thanks Frederick, for your comment, its sad to hear about your troubles in Tampa, Florida. I hope that your local authorities clamp down on crab traps littering your waterways. Here in Australia we have to label our floats and crab traps with our name, phone number and address. This might be a great way of talking to the crabbers who discard traps (or lose them)?

Frederick 7 months ago

Well most people think that their crab traps got stolen but when you litter a canal with 300 traps you can't even fish. It's more like we sick of sign them everyday everywhere like we need to outlaw all crab traps. I'll take them and pick them up and toss them in the bushes near by. Crabbe are usually self centered rude people. So remember that.

LeonJane profile image

LeonJane 15 months ago from Australia Author

Thanks Aladdins Cave, this hub was edited by Hubpages in their review program and they may have done this, so I'll fix it.

Aladdins Cave profile image

Aladdins Cave 15 months ago from Melbourne, Australia

Hi fellow Aussie :)

Firstly, its a great Hub, and gave you thumbs up

But I have copied and pasted one paragraph that you doubled up on.

here it is

"The following article details the best methods that I have found for catching mud crabs, or if you will, “How to catch crabs”. You might go grabbing using different methods, and I am not an expert, but these techniques have helped me to get the best results."

Cheers from Melbourne

LeonJane profile image

LeonJane 4 years ago from Australia Author

Hi Cathy, I am not sure where you can go crabbing around the toowoomba area, as it's inland from the coast. If you can't get to the coast in and around the Sunshine coast why don't you try catching yabbies in the dams around Toowoomba. Catching yabbies can be just as fun. If you do get to the sunshine coast why not book a crabbing tour, that way you are pretty much guarenteed seeing crabs being caught and you'll pick up some local knowledge along the way.

cathy 4 years ago

I wish to go crabbing,as I used to when I was younger, but have no idea of where to go around the toowoomba you have any sugestions? if not where would be a spot down the coast wich would be safe

doubleklm profile image

doubleklm 4 years ago

Thanks for the great Hub. Some of my fondest memories of childhood were of my father taking me crabbing. As a matter of fact, I've started my own hub on that topic and hope to publish it in a few days. Crabbing can indeed be a family event and I found it much more fun than just fishing. And the reward afterwards, eating delicious crabs, makes it even all the more rewarding!! I'm not a big fish eater but crabs I love!! Thanks again for the inciteful hub!!

Mal 4 years ago

Question? Are female mud crabs better eating then male?

StephenSMcmillan profile image

StephenSMcmillan 5 years ago

I am glad to visit this hub, great work.

LeonJane profile image

LeonJane 5 years ago from Australia Author

Thanks for your concern crab man, this crab in the photo is legal, 15cm across the back.

Sorry to hear of your story judy, it happens more often than not.

judy 5 years ago

lost crabs to a crab thief 2 nights in a row then they cut our round one the next night. must have been a few in it. what amazed me - the locals said they know who does it EVERY night.

crab man 5 years ago

i actually thought the crab in the sink was not as big as every body thinks it is. After all it is supposed to be a mudcrab at least 6inches across the back ( as a minimum ) - not a blue swimmer or sand crab.

LeonJane profile image

LeonJane 5 years ago from Australia Author

Getting the crabs out of the pots can be tricky. The pots I have shown above have a 'draw string' like opening in the top. You turn the pot upside down and shake the crabs out into a bucket. Sometimes it can be hard as the crabs latch onto the pot and won't let go. And then it is the trick bit of separating the legal size from the undersize ones. Usually you can manage to empty the smaller ones overboard first.

Linda  5 years ago

How do you get the crabs out of the pots?

LeonJane profile image

LeonJane 6 years ago from Australia Author

Thanks KAel, catching with hands sounds like dirty work, you'd probably need a big long steel rod with a hook on the end to get down into the crab hole I am guessing? Anyway I'd much prefer to catch crabs from my boat.

KAel 6 years ago

Catching with hands is the only way to go. Knee deep in mud, on sunset with no one around

LeonJane profile image

LeonJane 6 years ago from Australia Author

Thanks dinkan53, not sure if I'd ever catch crabs by hand, as I love the sensation and use of all my fingers! Thanks for your comment!

dinkan53 profile image

dinkan53 6 years ago from India

quite interesting, but any way catching it with your own hands is something really fantastic. The real adrenaline flow!!!

LeonJane profile image

LeonJane 6 years ago from Australia Author

Thanks for your comment nizam. Mud crab is about $50.00 AUS each here so that's why they are even better to catch than buy. Your recipe sounds great.

nizam 6 years ago

very good and informative article.. makes me wanna go and catch some. At my place mud crabs are sold for about 8 dollars per kg. We usually use traps called 'binto ketam @ bubu ketam' that cost a dollar a piece. cooking this crab with coconut milk and chilli is very yummy :)

LeonJane profile image

LeonJane 6 years ago from Australia Author

Thanks for your comment Ben Zoltak, I guess I am lucky to be able to catch these large crabs. Ive never heard of crawfish, something I'll have to Google and learn about, thanks again.

Ben Zoltak profile image

Ben Zoltak 6 years ago from Lake Mills, Jefferson County, Wisconsin USA

Can I just say, LJ that you are sooooo lucky to live in an area with these gigantic crustaceans nearby! I have to trap tiny little crawfish for just a nibble of delicious crustacean meat, still worth it, but not as good as crab! Yum.

LeonJane profile image

LeonJane 6 years ago from Australia Author

Glad you enjoyed this article Melissa, thank you for your kind words.

mmmlovesbella 6 years ago

Thank you for visiting my site. Your article is excellent. Keep up the excellent work! Your friend, Melissa

LeonJane profile image

LeonJane 7 years ago from Australia Author

That's quite interesting jill of alltrades, ive never heard of "gay" crabs. They would be good here as an alternative to only keeping the legal sized male crabs. It would certainly give our department of fisheries something think about!

jill of alltrades profile image

jill of alltrades 7 years ago from Philippines

I love eating crabs and I have gone crabbing once. It's fun!

Do you know that there is another kind of crab? People here in the Philippines call it the "gay" crab. The markings are intermediate to that of the male and female crabs. This "gay" crab actually fetches a higher price because it's more meaty.

By the way, there is no offense meant in the designation.

LeonJane profile image

LeonJane 7 years ago from Australia Author

Thanks for your kind comment dohn121. The crab does look huge with its legs and nippers extending out. For reference the sink drain hole in the photo is 5cm (2 inches) across, and the crabs main body shell is 15cm (6 inches) across. I'd say body and legs he is double this. So he does look pretty big I guess, especially when he was getting cranky for the photo and rearing up at me!

On kangaroos, you do need a licence to poach kangaroos and it's more for controlling their population and not for sport. Cattle station property owner do shoot them to prevent their fences from being damaged. In my hub I really ment putting a whole kangaroo in your crab trap from when you pick it up from the side of the road as "road kill". But it is quite sad that Australia is one of the only countries in the world where you can shoot and eat your national emblem. :(

dohn121 profile image

dohn121 7 years ago from Hudson Valley, New York

Okay, in the second-to-last picture, either that crab is huge, or you have a really small sink! This was an awesome hub...How does one get the opportunity to use whole kangaroo as crab bait? I was under the impression that kangaroos were illegal to poach--forgive me as I don't know Australian laws concerning kangaroos. I really did like your hub, BTW. Thank you for sharing!

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