How to Use a GPS: Tracks and Routes

Updated on December 9, 2018
Ramkitten2000 profile image

I've been an active Search & Rescue volunteer since 2007 with the Coconino County Sheriff's SAR Team in northern Arizona.

Use a Handheld GPS to Get Where You Want to Go and Return to Where You've Been

This is the fourth article in my "How To Use A GPS" series. Here, I'll briefly cover GPS routes and tracks -- what they are, how they're different, and what you can do with them.

GPS brands and models do have some differences in navigation and data entry screens as well as terminology (ie. I have one GPS that uses the term "landmark" instead of "waypoint"), so you'll have to look through your User's Manual and get to know your unit. Still, the concepts below will be the same.

If you have questions, please let me know in the guestbook, so I can improve the series.

GPS Tracks and Routes
GPS Tracks and Routes | Source

GPS Tracks And Routes: What Are They?

And what's the difference?

In How To Use A GPS: Waypoints And Go Tos, we went over traveling from a current position a previously marked waypoint -- a Go To. A Go To is a route.

Basically, a route is determined in advance. On a GPS, it is a direct line between two waypoints. A route does not take topography or obstacles into account. For that reason, it may often be impossible to follow a route exactly. And this is one reason not to continuously stare at your GPS while walking ... so you don't accidentally walk right off a cliff!

Where you actually walk, on the other hand, is a track. So a GPS track is created as you go. Using your navigation screens, you can deviate from the predetermined route as necessary and then later return to it. This is why a route (planned) and a track (actual) will often differ as seen in the image here.

GPS Routes
GPS Routes | Source

Types Of GPS Routes

As mentioned, a Go To is a route from one point to another, which might be from your current location in the field back to your vehicle or campsite.

Routes may also be multi-leg, meaning they can consist of multiple waypoints, which you may have entered by using coordinates from a map, have previously marked from an earlier trip, or were given by someone else. For example, you may want to create a route from a trailhead to a campsite and then to a favorite fishing spot you found years ago and marked at that time.

Man Overboard -- or MOB -- routes are useful when you want to instantly create and activate a route to the last computed coordinates. MOB waypoints will be created by the GPS and titled something like MOB001, MOB002, etc.

A Backtrack Route starts from the last recorded position in your track history and goes to the starting point using saved "bread crumbs." By following this route, you're retracing your steps.

What You Can Do With GPS Tracks

I'm not referring to the type of GPS tracking used to track cell phones, vehicles or wildlife. Rather, I'm talking about what you can later do with the track created by your handheld unit while you're carrying it around.

For one, a track can be used to BACKtrack. You may have had to significantly deviate from a predetermined route on your way to a location, due to significant topographic or even man-made obstacles. So rather than do a Go To route back to your starting point, you may use the track you created as your return route.

Tracks are often used in Search & Rescue to determine what areas have been searched. When returning to base, we'll often hand our GPS units to our leader, who will download our tracks onto a laptop computer and then display all searchers' tracks to help plan our next moves.

Similarly, by saving your own tracks, you can plan future trips to an area. Or you can share your track information with someone else who might be going there.

You can also upload your tracks to your computer and map them (or map them by hand on a topographic map, if you prefer) and keep "track" of where you've been.

Use Google Earth To Show GPS Tracks And Routes

"Many GPS devices come with software that lets you upload files from your device to your PC, and display the data in interesting ways. But none have the display power of Google Earth. This software, downloadable for free, lets you import directly from select GPS devices, or from data files you've saved using your GPS software."

Find out how on GPS.About.com

Here's That GPS Navigation Book Again

If you've looked at my previous GPS articles, you've seen this book before. It's the GPS "how-to" text most recommended by our Search & Rescue team's navigation expert.

GPS Land Navigation
GPS Land Navigation

This book explains all aspects of the GPS system and related equipment. GPS receivers, compasses, altimeters, maps, coordinate systems, and datums are among the major topics covered. Also included are equipment comparisons, and information on how to select the equipment that is right for you. You are provided with clear and simple descriptions of how the GPS system works, and how to make the GPS system work for you. No prior knowledge of land navigation, map reading, or cartography is assumed. Important information is provided about the limitations of GPS receivers, and how to avoid being mislead by your GPS receiver. As a bonus, thousands of actual coordinates that are ready to enter into your receiver are included in several appendices.

 

Questions & Answers

    © 2009 Deb Kingsbury

    Comments or Questions About GPS Units? Share them here.

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      • TTGReviews profile image

        TTGReviews 

        3 years ago

        This will be useful for when I go hiking on some of the smaller trails.

      • profile image

        dinodanfan 

        4 years ago

        Is there any way to consolidate tracks over many trips? Similar to tracing a map with a pencil each trip, frequent paths would become darker over time, while unvisited trails would remain empty.

      • profile image

        saburl 

        4 years ago

        I'm looking for something that can track my path when kayaking through mangroves so I can follow it back to where I started. Is that possible? I'd love to explore some mangroves but am afraid I would get lost.

      • Ramkitten2000 profile imageAUTHOR

        Deb Kingsbury 

        4 years ago from Flagstaff, Arizona

        @etech67: If you simply want to mark your starting point so you can return to it later, press the "mark" button when standing in that location (at your vehicle) and be sure to save it. If you already have saved other waypoints, be sure to rename your point (ie. "car") so you know which one you need to return to, or write down the number so you don't forget. Later, when you want to return to that point, press "find," then select the waypoint from the list, and then select "go to." Use the compass page to direct you to back to your starting point. Be sure to practice this in a known area (ie. your neighborhood), so you're sure you know how to operate the GPS and do a "go to" before you try it in the backcountry or anywhere you're not familiar with. I would also have another form of navigation with you -- a map and compass -- in case the GPS fails for some reason (ie. runs out of battery).

      • profile image

        etech67 

        4 years ago

        I just bought a gpsmap 62s garmin and can't figure out in simple english what keys to use to create a track when I leave my vehicle and hours later want to return on the same track??? Should be simple enough since that is the main feature of a gps......to find your way back. Can you help?

      • profile image

        john-pennifold 

        4 years ago

        When following a 'route', how close to each waypoint does one have to pass before the GPS unit realises that it has been passed? At what stage does it start navigating to the next?

      • mariacarbonara profile image

        mariacarbonara 

        5 years ago

        Really interesting piece

      • profile image

        squidootime 

        7 years ago

        Useful stuff - thanks!

        Cheers

      • profile image

        anonymous 

        7 years ago

        Great stuff. Another favorite, thumbs up and lensroll from me!

      • Alisha2010 LM profile image

        Alisha2010 LM 

        8 years ago

        Wow, learned a lot! Seems like you really enjoy using GPS. Our company is running a contest, winner gets a Garmin Nuvi 1350T. Thought you might be interested, it ends tomorrow, http://wildfireapp.com/website/6/contests/57491.

      • andreaberrios lm profile image

        andreaberrios lm 

        9 years ago

        Very interesting and useful! Thanks. 5*

      • TrinaSonnenberg profile image

        Trina Sonenberg 

        9 years ago from Nucla, Colorado

        Five Stars from me!

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