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Why Is Annapurna Known as the World's Deadliest Mountain?

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Amara is a writer. She is adventurous and loves to try new things.

Annapurna I: The world's deadliest mountain.

Annapurna I: The world's deadliest mountain.

Annapurna in the Himalayan Mountain Range

Located in the north-central region of Nepal, Annapurna is a massif in the Himalayan mountain range, that includes one peak 8,000 metres, thirteen peaks over 7,000 metres, and sixteen over 6,000 metres.

The massif is about 55 kilometres long, and the highest peak of the massif is Annapurna I Main, which is the tenth highest but the deadliest of all mountains in the world.

  • Height: 8,091 m (26,545 ft)
  • Location: Gandaki Zone, Nepal
  • Parent range: Himalayas
  • First ascent: 3 June 1950
  • Easiest route: Northwest face
  • Fatality rate: 32%

Why Is Annapurna So Deadly?

Annapurna is a fascinating yet treacherous mountain, that lures climbers from around the world. It is a remote and challenging mountain, with technical terrains, fluctuating climatic conditions, and frequent avalanches.

The mountain is prone to frequent avalanches, falls of rock, ice, and snow pieces, which make the climb even harder and riskier. The weather conditions are highly unpredictable and unstable.

The mountain is extremely cold with heavy snowfall, speedy wind, and snowstorms always threatening climbers' lives. These extreme weather conditions can trap, hit, freeze, blow or even wipe out the climber at any time.

Terrain and Location

The technicality of the terrain is not as difficult as K2, but it's still quite challenging, rough, and unstable. You can encounter several steep sections, frequent ice walls, and crevasses.

The mountain is remote and not easily accessible either by land or air, in the time of emergencies. A rescue mission becomes challenging if any climber needs any medical help. There is no hospital or any medical assistance available nearby, in this remote area.

Annapurna I tests its climbers with avalanches, heavy snowfalls, rock falls, extreme cold, and even high altitude exhaustion. Standing proud and tall with its striking beauty, It is only reserved for elite, and most experienced mountaineers.

Trekking Routes

There are three major trekking routes;

  1. The Jomson Trekking Route: to Jomson and Muktinath.
  2. The Annapurna Sanctuary Trekking Route: to Annapurna base camp.
  3. The Annapurna Circuit Route: that circles the mountain itself and include Jomson route.

The town of Pokhara, in Nepal, serves as a starting point for these treks and is a good starting place for other short treks of one to four days in the region.

Annapurna Base Camp

Annapurna Base Camp

Base Camp and Climbing Routes

At the elevation of 4,130 metres, Annapurna's base camp is called the Annapurna Sanctuary. The Sanctuary trek is a 10-day extravaganza trek in a great cirque of majestic and massive mountains. The trek provides breathtaking views of lush sub-tropical hills to the north of Pokhara.

When reached on the base camp, sanctuary rewards with the mesmerizing view of Annapurna South (7,219 m), Annapurna III (7,555 m), Gangapurna (7,454 m), and Annapurna I (8,091 m), the world's tenth highest mountain.

There are twelve possible climbing routes to reach the summit of Annapurna I, of which the Northwest face, is considered the easiest of all. Whereas, the hardest path to reach the summit is through the South face, which is an extremely steep wall of rock that rises 3,000 metres (9,800 feet), which makes it the most difficult climb in the world.

Some Fun Facts About the Mountain

  • The mountain is named after "Annapurna" a Hindu goddess of nourishment and food, which is believed to reside there.
  • According to Guinness World records, Annapurna I is the deadliest mountain in the world, with a fatality rate of 1:3.1, or 32%, which is the highest of any of the eight-thousander.
  • It is known as a life-taking mountain. For every three people, who make it to the summit, one person dies.
  • On average there are 34 deaths per 100 safe returns on Annapurna I, whereas 29 for K2, and 21 deaths per 100 for Nanga Parbat.
  • There have been less than 200 successful summits of the mountain.
  • Annapurna was the first eight-thousander to be ever climbed successfully.
  • The first ascent of Annapurna I in the summer of 1950 had no fatalities.
  • The mountain was first climbed on 3 June 1950, by Maurice Herzog and Louis Lachenal, of French Annapurna Expedition, without the use of supplementary oxygen.
  • Both climbers paid the price of climbing the peak by losing their toes as the result of extreme frostbite. Maurice Herzog lost all of his fingers as well.
  • In 1978, a team led by Arlene Blum, the American Women's Himalayan Expedition, became the first United States team to climb Annapurna I.
  • The summit of Annapurna is made of limestone, just like the top of Everest and Dhaulagiri.
  • The Annapurna Sanctuary and Annapurna Circuit trail are the busiest trails in Nepal during Spring and Autumn season.


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This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

© 2021 Amara


Amara (author) from Pakistan on September 21, 2021:

Hmm sounds interesting, I didnt know about Meru before. I will definitely put it in my diary, thanks for letting me know.

manatita44 from london on September 21, 2021:

Tanzania has another in Arusha called Meru. It's much easy to climb and smaller. Put it in your diary, so you and the Hubbie could go. Salaam!

Amara (author) from Pakistan on September 20, 2021:

You must be a high spirited and adventurous man back then.

I really wanna try any one of these mountains to test my limits, but I know it will be way too hard.

Thank you Manatita my dearest friend for stopping by and leaving this lovely comment.

Infinite gratitude for you.

manatita44 from london on September 20, 2021:

Beautifully described, Amara. You want to climb it? Let us go next year. Chuckle. I have done 5,000 metres, but if I had read your brilliant and 'deadly' article first, I'll still be dreaming of climbing. Haha.

I did 5,00 metres. It was so friendly and above all so heavenly!! Especially at Poon Hill. I also did some 4,000 metres in Kilimanjaro. No problem either way. In fact, we ran up Kilimanjaro. talk about fitness in 2009, or probably 2013. Not sure. I went 3 times to Arusha and 3 times to Dar. Lovely and Excellent Article!

Amara (author) from Pakistan on September 20, 2021:

Wow Mary.. it must be an amazing experience to watch this majestic mountain.

Thanks for stopping by and leaving this comment.

Blessings on your way..!!

Amara (author) from Pakistan on September 20, 2021:

Alhamdulillah Misbah I am doing good now after a long sickness. Thanks for your concern.

I love mountains, and I love to write about them, as they always fascinate me.

I am glad, you enjoyed the Hub. Infinite love for you dear. Thanks for your visit.

Amara (author) from Pakistan on September 20, 2021:

Thank you very much Nian, I am pleased to know that you found the Hub interesting and informative..

Much love sister. Allah bless you.

Mary Norton from Ontario, Canada on September 20, 2021:

I have looked at Annapurna from a distance and admired its beauty. I did not know then that it is the world's deadliest mountain.

Misbah Sheikh from — This Existence Is Only an Illusion on September 20, 2021:

Amara, thank you so much for sharing another interesting article about mountains. I enjoyed reading your beautiful hub. I wish I could climb it. Lol! Take care and stay safe. I hope you are doing well now.

Blessings and Love, dear sister.

Eman Sehar on September 20, 2021:

Very informational and interesting hub about Annapurna. I never heard about this mountain before.

Thankyou for sharing this hub.

Many Love and Blessings

Amara (author) from Pakistan on September 20, 2021:

Yes Peggy this mountain is only for seasoned climbers as it holds record for being the deadliest mountain in the world.

Thanks for your visit Peggy. Gratitude.

Amara (author) from Pakistan on September 20, 2021:

Thank you sister Rozlin for stopping by and leaving this comment.. Much love..

Amara (author) from Pakistan on September 20, 2021:

Thank you very much Pamela for your visit and comment. I really appreciate it.

God bless you :-)

Peggy Woods from Houston, Texas on September 20, 2021:

Thanks for telling us about this mountain.

It looks beautiful, but in no way would I wish to climb it. Those statistics are deadly for aspiring climbers.

Rozlin from UAE on September 20, 2021:

Interesting and informative article, Amara. Thank you for sharing.

Pamela Oglesby from Sunny Florida on September 20, 2021:

This is an interesting article, Amara. I would love to see the mountain but never climb it. That is to dangerous.